TODAY'S LECTURE
ASHAY DHARWADKER DISTINGUISHED PROFESSOR OF
INSTITUTE OF MATHEMATICS


The universe operates within the framework of Einstein’s theory of relativity, where space and time are inextricably linked in the form of the spacetime continuum. In the cosmological timeline, the universe is created with the big bang at time zero. Within the next three minutes all types of elementary particles are formed on the gauge and the standard model is complete. The graviton carries the gravitational force SU(5), the gluon carries the strong force SU(3), the W+, Z0, W bosons carry the weak force SU(2), the photon carries the electromagnetic force U(1) and the Higgs boson assigns mass to all particles. Simultaneously the fermions are formed on the gauge: the eneutrino, muneutrino, tauneutrino, top quark, charm quark, up quark, electron, muon, tau, bottom quark, strange quark and down quark. All the corresponding antiparticles are reflected on the lower sheet of the gauge. The topological construction of the Riemann surface and algebraic construction of the Steiner system in the proof of the four color theorem show exactly how the gauge of the standard model is created in the cosmological timeline. The spin of the particle is given by the topology of the surface and the gauge charges SU(5), SU(3), SU(2), U(1) are given by the group algebra of colors. In particular, the four colors red, blue, green and yellow correspond to the four magnitudes of elementary electric charges in the universe. Indeed, four colors suffice! cf. https://www.dharwadker.org/standard_model/

Copyright © by Ashay Dharwadker
